In this paper we study two models for crowd motion and herding. Each of the models is of Keller-Segel type and involves two parabolic equations, one for the evolution of the density and one for the evolution of a mean field potential. We classify all radial stationary solutions, prove multiplicity results, and establish some qualitative properties of these solutions, which are characterized as critical points of an energy functional. A notion of variational stability is associated with such solutions. Dynamical stability in the neighborhood of a stationary solution is also studied in terms of the spectral properties of the linearized evolution operator. For one of the two models, we exhibit a Lyapunov functional which allows us to make the link between the two notions of stability. Even in that case, for certain values of the mass parameter, with all other parameters taken in an appropriate range, we find that two dynamically stable stationary solutions exist. We further discuss the qualitative properties of the solutions using theoretical methods and numerical computations.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015 Mathematical Sciences Publishers.
- Continuum model
- Crowd motion
- Dynamical stability
- Lyapunov functional
- Non-self-adjoint evolution operators
- Variational methods
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Numerical Analysis
- Computational Mathematics