Stable mode-locked fiber laser based on CVD fabricated graphene saturable absorber

Pi Ling Huang*, Shau Ching Lin, Chao Yung Yeh, Hsin Hui Kuo, Shr Hau Huang, Gong Ru Lin, Lain Jong Li, Ching Yuan Su, Wood Hi Cheng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

183 Scopus citations


A stable mode-locked fiber laser (MLFL) employing multi-layer graphene as saturable absorber (SA) is presented. The multi-layer graphene were grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on Ni close to A-A stacking. Linear absorbance spectrum of multi-layer graphene was observed without absorption peak from 400 to 2000 nm. Optical nonlinearities of different atomic-layers (7-, 11-, 14-, and 21-layers) graphene based SA are investigated and compared. The results found that the thicker 21-layer graphene based SA exhibited a smaller modulation depth (MD) value of 2.93% due to more available density of states in the band structure of multilayer graphene and favored SA nonlinearity. A stable MLFL of 21-layer graphene based SA showed a pulsewidth of 432.47 fs, a bandwidth of 6.16 nm, and a time-bandwidth product (TBP) of 0.323 at fundamental solitonlike operation. This study demonstrates that the atomic-layer structure of graphene from CVD process may provide a reliable graphene based SA for stable soliton-like pulse formation of the MLFL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2460-2465
Number of pages6
JournalOptics Express
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 30 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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