Spray ignition of n-alkanes in diesel and jet fuels: Effects of temperature, pressure, and N2 and NO addition

Basem A. Eraqi*, Shashank S. Nagaraja, Et touhami Es-sebbar, S. Mani Sarathy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study investigates the effects of NO-addition and N2-dilution on the autoignition process of n-C10–n-C14 alkanes, which are important components of diesel and kerosene-based jet fuels. The study is motivated by the need for a comprehensive understanding of the effects of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and N2 on the fuel ignition process. This understanding is essential to enable the effective employment of advanced combustion engine technologies, such as exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) and Rich-Quench-Lean (RQL) gas turbine combustors. Ignition delay time (IDT) measurements were performed under various combustion conditions relevant to practical engine operation and low-temperature oxidation chemistry in a constant-volume combustion spray chamber device. The experimental results show that N2-dilution consistently results in longer IDTs for the fuels tested. On the other hand, NO-addition has a temperature-dependent effect, shortening the IDTs for T > 692 K and vice versa. The magnitude of reactivity promotion or inhibition depends on NO concentration, temperature, pressure, and equivalence ratio. Based on the tested NO-addition levels, the inhibition of reactivity is approximately ten times greater than the promotion of reactivity caused by NO. The study fills a gap in the literature by providing comprehensive fundamental combustion data for n-C10–n-C14 fuels. This data, along with the corresponding analysis, can be used by engine researchers in developing more efficient and cleaner combustion engine technologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number129430
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research under the award number OSR-2019-CRG7-4077 .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd


  • Diesel
  • Ignition delay
  • Jet fuel
  • N dilution
  • NO addition
  • Spray ignition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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