Spontaneous intra-electron transfer within rGO@Fe2O3-MnO catalyst promotes long-term NOx reduction at ambient conditions

Hafiz Muhammad Adeel Sharif, Muhammad Bilal Asif, Yuwei Wang, Ya Nan Hou, Bo Yang, Xu Xiao, Changping Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Iron (Fe)-based catalysts are widely used for taming nitrogen oxides (NOx) containing flue gas, but the regeneration and long-term reusability remains a concern. The reusability can be acquired by external additives, and resultantly can not only increase the cost but can also add to process complexity as well as secondary pollutants. Herein, a self-sustainable material is designed to regenerate the catalyst for long-term reusability without adding to process complexity. The catalyst is based on reduced graphene-oxide impregnated by Fe2O3-MnO (rGO@Fe2O3-MnO; G-F-M) for spontaneous intra electron (e-)-transfer from Mn to Fe. The developed catalyst; G-M-F exhibited 93.7% NOx reduction, which suggests its high catalytic activity. The morphological and structure characterizations confirmed the Fe/Mn loading, contributing to e--transfer between Mn and Fe due to its conductivity. The synthesized G-F-M showed higher NOx reduction about 2.5 folds, than rGO@Fe2O3 (G-FeO) and rGO@MnOx (G-MnOx). The performance of G-M-F without and with an electrochemical system was also compared, and the difference was only 5%, which is an evidence of the spontaneous e- transfer between the Mn and Fe-NOx complex. The designed catalyst can be used for a long time without external assistance, and its efficiency was not affected significantly (<3.7%) in the presence of high oxygen contents (8%). The as-prepared G-M-F catalyst has great potential for executing a dual role NOx removal and self-regeneration of catalyst (SRC), promoting a sustainable remediation approach for large-scale applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number129951
JournalJournal of hazardous materials
StatePublished - Jan 5 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 22050410268 , 51708356 , 52070042 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.


  • NO reduction
  • Reduced graphene oxide (rGO)
  • Removal and regeneration
  • Spontaneous e transportation, Fe-Mn oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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