Spontaneous growth of indium nanostructures

Helin L. Wei*, Lei Zhang, Zuli Liu, Hanchen Huang, Xixiang Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


We report the spontaneous formation of well-aligned indium (In) hillock on silicon substrate with a thin Au film as buffer layer by using DC magnetron sputtering method. The morphologies and the microstructures have been investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The mechanism of the hillock formation can be described as follows: (1) low-dimensional (LD) alloy surface formation; (2) In adatom diffusing on LD-alloy surface to form cluster; (3) clusters coalescence to form two-dimensional island (2D-island); and (4) 2D-islands grow up and form hillock.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-305
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 29 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • A1. Growth models
  • A1. Low-dimensional alloy surface
  • A1. Nanostructures
  • A1. Non-wetting
  • A3. DC magnetron sputtering
  • B1. Indium hillock

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Spontaneous growth of indium nanostructures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this