Spiral multiple-effect diffusion solar still coupled with vacuum-tube collector and heat pipe

Bin-Juine Huang, Tze-Ling Chong, Po-Hsien Wu, Han-Yi Dai, Yeong-Chuan Kao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


© 2015 Elsevier B.V. A novel solar still with spiral-shape multiple-effect diffusion unit is developed in the present study. The test results of a 14-effect unit coupled with vacuum-tube solar collector (absorber area 1.08m2) show that the highest daily pure water production is 40.6kgd-1. The measured highest productivity based on the area of glass cover, solar absorber, and evaporating surface is 34.7, 40.6, and 7.96kgm-2d-1, respectively, which are much higher than the published results. The measured solar distillation efficiency is 2.0-3.5. The performance enhancement results mainly from the lateral diffusion process in the spiraled still cell. The vapor flow generated by heat input can flow freely and laterally through the spiral channel down to the end when solar heat input is high. Besides, the larger evaporating and condensing area at the outer cell may increase heat and mass transfer at the outer cell.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-83
Number of pages10
StatePublished - Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUK-C1-014-12
Acknowledgements: This publication is based on work supported by Award No. KUK-C1-014-12, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia, and by Grant No. NSC101-2221-E-002-067-MY2, Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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