Spectral-Based Directed Graph Network for Malware Detection

Zikai Zhang, Yidong Li, Hairong Dong, Honghao Gao, Yi Jin, Wei Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


As a kind of behavioral-feature based malware detection approach, spectral graph-based deep learning has attracted considerable research efforts with the fast growth of threats of malicious programs. However, previous spectral based graph neural networks can hardly be applied to directed graphs due to the asymmetrical nature of the graph adjacency matrix. In order to address the issues of existing techniques, we propose a Spectral-based Directed Graph Network (SDGNet) architecture to classify directed graphs. In SDGNet, the weighted graph matrix normalization methods transform the graph adjacency matrix into three symmetrical graph matrices that describe different aspects of node information interaction. Then, the SDGNet extracts graph representations with different layers of multi-aspect directed GCN. On each layer, three node embeddings learned from the symmetrical graph matrices are fused together for a graph representation. The multi-layer graph representations are further concatenated together to form a comprehensive representation for classification with a combined loss function. We evaluate the proposed algorithm on a public benchmark data, and the experimental results show that it outperforms state-of-the-art algorithms.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)957-970
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Network Science and Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-12-15
Acknowledgements: This work was supported in part by the National Key R&D Program of China under Grant 2018YFB0803500, in part by Safety data acquisition equipment for industrial enterprises 134, and in part by the Natural Science Foundation of China under Grants 61672088 and
61790573 Recommended for acceptance by Dr. Xiaojiang Du.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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