Spatial distribution of crystalline corrosion products formed during corrosion of stainless steel in concrete

Marijana Serdar, Cagla Meral, Martin Kunz, Dubravka Bjegovic, Hans-Rudolf Wenk, Paulo J. M. Monteiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


© 2015 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved. The mineralogy and spatial distribution of nano-crystalline corrosion products that form in the steel/concrete interface were characterized using synchrotron X-ray micro-diffraction (μ-XRD). Two types of low-nickel high-chromium reinforcing steels embedded into mortar and exposed to NaCl solution were investigated. Corrosion in the samples was confirmed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). μ-XRD revealed that goethite (α-FeOOH) and akaganeite (β-FeOOH) are the main iron oxide-hydroxides formed during the chloride-induced corrosion of stainless steel in concrete. Goethite is formed closer to the surface of the steel due to the presence of chromium in the steel, while akaganeite is formed further away from the surface due to the presence of chloride ions. Detailed microstructural analysis is shown and discussed on one sample of each type of steel.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-105
Number of pages13
JournalCement and Concrete Research
StatePublished - May 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUS-l1-004021
Acknowledgements: This research was supported by scientific project "The composition of corrosion products on corrosion resistant concrete reinforcement" (Grant No. 73/10), funded by Unity through Knowledge Fund (UKF), and by scientific project "The Development of New Materials and Concrete Structure Protection Systems" (No. 082-0822161-2159), funded by Croatian Ministry of Education, Science and Sport. This publication was based on work supported in part by Award No. KUS-l1-004021, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The Advanced Light Source is supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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