In this article we present a complete parallelization approach for simulations of PDEs with applications in optimization and uncertainty quantification. The method of choice for linear or nonlinear elliptic or parabolic problems is the geometric multigrid method since it can achieve optimal (linear) complexity in terms of degrees of freedom, and it can be combined with adaptive refinement strategies in order to find the minimal number of degrees of freedom. This optimal solver is parallelized such that weak and strong scaling is possible for extreme scale HPC architectures. For the space parallelization of the multigrid method we use a tree based approach that allows for an adaptive grid refinement and online load balancing. Parallelization in time is achieved by SDC/ISDC or a spacetime formulation. As an example we consider the permeation through human skin which serves as a diffusion model problem where aspects of shape optimization, uncertainty quantification as well as sensitivity to geometry and material parameters are studied. All methods are developed and tested in the UG4 library.