Solution coating of large-area organic semiconductor thin films with aligned single-crystalline domains

Ying Diao, Benjamin C-K. Tee, Gaurav Giri, Jie Xu, Do Hwan Kim, Hector A. Becerril, Randall M. Stoltenberg, Tae Hoon Lee, Gi Xue, Stefan C. B. Mannsfeld, Zhenan Bao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

804 Scopus citations


Solution coating of organic semiconductors offers great potential for achieving low-cost manufacturing of large-area and flexible electronics. However, the rapid coating speed needed for industrial-scale production poses challenges to the control of thin-film morphology. Here, we report an approach - termed fluid-enhanced crystal engineering (FLUENCE) - that allows for a high degree of morphological control of solution-printed thin films. We designed a micropillar-patterned printing blade to induce recirculation in the ink for enhancing crystal growth, and engineered the curvature of the ink meniscus to control crystal nucleation. Using FLUENCE, we demonstrate the fast coating and patterning of millimetre-wide, centimetre-long, highly aligned single-crystalline organic semiconductor thin films. In particular, we fabricated thin films of 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl) pentacene having non-equilibrium single-crystalline domains and an unprecedented average and maximum mobilities of 8.1±1.2 cm2 V-1 s -1 and 11 cm2 V-1 s-1. FLUENCE of organic semiconductors with non-equilibrium single-crystalline domains may find use in the fabrication of high-performance, large-area printed electronics. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)665-671
Number of pages7
JournalNature Materials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jun 2 2013
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUS-C1-015-21
Acknowledgements: This work is supported by the Department of Energy, Laboratory Directed Research and Development funding, under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515 (Y.D.). We are grateful to M. Toney at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lighsource (SSRL) for valuable input. We give thanks to J. E. Anthony and M. M. Nelson of 3M for providing high-purity TIPS-pentacene. We appreciate helpful discussions with O. Goto from the Chemical Engineering department at Stanford. Portions of this research were carried out at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, a national user facility operated by Stanford University on behalf of the US DOE, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. B.C-K.T. acknowledges support from a National Science Scholarship from the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore. G.G., H.A.B. and Z.B. acknowledge support from the National Science Foundation DMR-Solid State Chemistry (DMR-0705687-002). J.X. and G.X. acknowledge the National Science Foundation of China (NSFC 51133002) for financial support. D.H.K. and Z.B. acknowledge the support by the Center for Advanced Molecular Photovoltaics, award no. KUS-C1-015-21, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. R.M.S. acknowledges financial support from the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program. T.H.L. acknowledges support from Toshiba through the Stanford CIS-FMA programme and the ILJU foundation in South Korea.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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