Sol-gel synthesis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and electrical conductivity of Co-doped (La, Sr)(Ga, Mg)O3-δ perovskites

Riccardo Polini*, Alessia Falsetti, Enrico Traversa, Oliver Schäf, Philippe Knauth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.8Mg0.2-xCoxO3-δ (LSGMC) powders containing different amounts of Co (x = 0.05 and 0.085) were prepared by a citrate sol-gel method. The powders were used to prepare highly phase-pure LSGMC sintered pellets with controlled composition and fractional densities larger than 95%. For the first time, LSGMC materials were subjected to X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) characterization. XPS data confirmed the presence of the dopants in the material and allowed to identify two different chemical states for Sr2+ and oxygen, both related to the oxygen-deficient perovskite structure of LSGMC. The conductivity of LSGMC sintered pellets containing different amounts of Co ions in the B sites of the perovskite lattice was assessed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in the 250-750 °C temperature range. Conductivity values and apparent activation energies were in good agreement with previously published data referring to materials with same composition, but prepared by solid-state route. Therefore, the physicochemical and electrochemical characterization clearly demonstrated the ability of sol-gel methods to produce high-purity Co-doped LSGM perovskites, which represent promising solid electrolytes for intermediate-temperature SOFCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4291-4296
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number13-15
StatePublished - 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR) under the frame of the FISR project “Celle a combustibile ad elettroliti polimerici e ceramici: dimostrazione di sistemi e sviluppo di nuovi materiali”.


  • Mixed ionic-electronic conductivity
  • Perovskites
  • Powders-chemical preparation
  • Sol-gel processes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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