Soft Weighted Ordinal Classification for Monocular Height Estimation in Remote Sensing Image

Yingchao Feng, Xian Sun, Wenhui Diao, Jihao Li, Tao Xu, Xin Gao, Kun Fu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


Estimating height information from a single remote sensing image is a critical component for 3D perception. Recent methods formulate it as a dense height prediction task based on regression loss functions. However, the regression accuracy is limited by the infinite continuous solution space. In this paper, we propose the soft weighted ordinal (SWO) classification loss for height prediction model to convert the regression problem with infinite continuous values into the classification problem with finite discrete values. which greatly improves the accuracy of high estimation. Specifically, we first define the discrete height rule and introduce the distance penalty metric to transform the continuous ground truth height value to the soft probability distributions. This is then used as supervised information to optimize the pixel-wise classification model. Finally, we utilize soft weighted summation to generate continuous height values in the inference phase. The proposed SWO classification loss can be used directly with existing dense prediction structures whose performance can be strengthened by direct replacement of the loss functions. Comprehensive experiments on the IS-PRS Vaihingen dataset show that the proposed method has achieved promising results.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781665427920
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-21


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