Soft Actuators for Soft Robotic Applications: A Review

Nazek Elatab, Rishabh B. Mishra, Fhad Al-Modaf, Lana Joharji, Aljohara A. Alsharif, Haneen Alamoudi, Marlon Diaz, Nadeem Qaiser, Muhammad Mustafa Hussain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Soft robotics technologies are paving the way toward robotic abilities which are vital for a wide range of applications, including manufacturing, manipulation, gripping, human–machine interaction, locomotion, and more. An essential component in a soft robot is the soft actuator which provides the system with a deformable body and allows it to interact with the environment to achieve a desired actuation pattern, such as locomotion. This Review article aims to provide researchers interested in the soft robotics field with a reference guide about the various state-of-the-art soft actuation methodologies that are developed with a wide range of stimuli including light, heat, applied electric and magnetic fields with a focus on their various applications in soft robotics. The underlying principles of the soft actuators are discussed with a focus on the resulting motion complexities, deformations, and multi-functionalities. Finally, various promising applications and examples of the different soft actuators are discussed in addition to their further development potential.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2000128
JournalAdvanced Intelligent Systems
StatePublished - Aug 24 2020

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: The authors acknowledge generous support of the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors acknowledge Dr. Joanna M. Nassar, Dr. Galo A. Torres, Dr. Mohamed T. Ghoneim, Andres A. Aguirre-Pablo, Davide Priante, Dr. Jhonathan P. Rojas, Sigurdur T. Thoroddsen, and Prof. Boon S. Ooi who contributed to the “pause-embed-resume” data. The authors thank Kelly Rader for proof reading this manuscript.


Dive into the research topics of 'Soft Actuators for Soft Robotic Applications: A Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this