Simultaneously calibrated, non-linear two-line atomic fluorescence (SC-nTLAF) thermometry for application in turbulent sooting flames has been developed to increase the precision of single-shot, planar measurements of gas temperature. The technique has been demonstrated in both steady and turbulent sooting flames, showing good agreements with previous optical measurements. The SC-nTLAF involves imaging simultaneously laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) of atomic indium in both the target flame and a non-sooting calibration flame for which the temperature distribution is known. The LIF intensities from the reference flame enable correction for fluctuations, not only in the laser power, but also in the laser mode. The resulting precision was found to be ±67K and ±75K (based on one standard deviation) in the rich and oxidizing regions of a steady sooting flame for which the measured temperature was 1610K and 1854K, respectively, with a spatial resolution of 550×550 μm2. This corresponds to a relative precision of ∼ 4.1%. The resulting precision in the single-shot temperature images for a well-characterized, lifted ethylene jet diffusion flame (fuel jet Reynolds number=10,000) compares favorably with previously reported data obtained with shifted-vibrational coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS), together with increased spatial resolution. The planar imaging also provides more details of the temperature distribution, particularly in the flame brush region, which offers potential for measurement of more parameters, such as gradients and spatial corrections. The new calibration method has also achieved a significant time-saving in both data collection and processing, which is an estimated total of ∼ 60%-70% compared with conventional nTLAF.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Mechanical Engineering
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry