Simple algorithmic principles of discovery, subjective beauty, selective attention, curiosity & creativity

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

32 Scopus citations


I postulate that human or other intelligent agents function or should function as follows. They store all sensory observations as they come-the data is 'holy.' At any time, given some agent's current coding capabilities, part of the data is compressible by a short and hopefully fast program/description/ explanation/world model. In the agent's subjective eyes, such data is more regular and more beautiful than other data. It is well-known that knowledge of regularity and repeatability may improve the agent's ability to plan actions leading to external rewards. In absence of such rewards, however, known beauty is boring. Then interestingness becomes the first derivative of subjective beauty: as the learning agent improves its compression algorithm, formerly apparently random data parts become subjectively more regular and beautiful. Such progress in data compression is measured and maximized by the curiosity drive: create action sequences that extend the observation history and yield previously unknown/unpredictable but quickly learnable algorithmic regularity. I discuss how all of the above can be naturally implemented on computers, through an extension of passive unsupervised learning to the case of active data selection: we reward a general reinforcement learner (with access to the adaptive compressor) for actions that improve the subjective compressibility of the growing data. An unusually large compression breakthrough deserves the name discovery. The creativity of artists, dancers, musicians, pure mathematicians can be viewed as a by-product of this principle. Several qualitative examples support this hypothesis. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9783540754879
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

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