Shear influence on the phase separation of oligomer blends

Edvani C. Muniz, Suzana Nunes*, B. A. Wolf

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Shear influences on the phase separation behaviour of four different blends of ethylene glycol/propylene glycol oligomers, exhibiting upper critical solution temperatures, were investigated. Cloud point curves at rest (turbidity measurements) are reported for all systems, spinodal conditions (light scattering) and tie‐lines (analysis of the coexisting phases) are given for some examples. Phase diagrams under shear were obtained from rheological data. They demonstrate that the demixing temperatures of systems where both glycols bear OH end‐groups are lowered up to ca. 1°C by shear rates of 1000s−1; the critical composition, generalized to the non‐equilibrium conditions of flow, is markedly shifted. These observations are explained in terms of the generalized Gibbs energy (containing the mechanical energy the system stores during flow) as a consequence of the strongly interacting end‐groups of the glycols. This interpretation is backed by the fact that the shear effects disappear when the glycols are methylated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1257-1271
Number of pages15
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Volume195
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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