Several efficiency influencing factors in CdTe/CdS solar cells

K. Li*, Z. C. Feng, A. T.S. Wee, H. C. Chou, J. Y. Lin, S. Kamra, K. L. Tan, A. Rohatgi, L. Zhou, S. F.Y. Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Several efficiency influencing factors in MOCVD-grown CdTe/CdS solar cells, including preferential crystal orientation of CdTe layers, CdTe grain size and surface roughness, interfacial mixing, and surface and interface geometrical morphology, are studied. X-ray diffraction (XRD) shows that polycrystalline CdTe/CdS solar cells with higher efficiencies tend to have more (111) planes of CdTe parallel to the macro-surface. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis reveal the relationship between the grain size/surface roughness and cell efficiency. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) depth profiling show that the interfacial geometrical morphology has a significant influence on the efficiency of CdTe/CdS solar cells. Finally it is shown that interfacial mixing reduces the number of interfacial states and recombination centers and the energy loss due to internal reflectance, enhancing the performance of the solar cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-202
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1997 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, MA, USA
Duration: Dec 2 1997Dec 5 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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