Sequential Functionalization of Alkynes and Alkenes Catalyzed by Gold(I) and Palladium(II) N-Heterocyclic Carbene Complexes

Alberto Gómez-Herrera, Fady Nahra, Marcel Brill, Steven P. Nolan, Catherine S. J. Cazin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The iodination of terminal alkynes for the synthesis of 1-iodoalkynes using N-iodosuccinimide in the presence of a AuI-NHC (NHC=N-heterocyclic carbene) catalyst is reported. A series of aromatic alkynes was transformed successfully into the corresponding 1-iodoalkynes in good to excellent yields under mild reaction conditions. The further use of these compounds as organic building blocks and the advantageous choice of metal-NHC complexes as catalysts for alkyne functionalization were further demonstrated by performing selective AuI-catalyzed hydrofluorination to yield (Z)-2-fluoro-1-iodoalkenes, followed by a Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling with aryl boronic acids catalyzed by a PdII-NHC complex to access trisubstituted (Z)-fluoroalkenes. All methodologies can be performed sequentially with only minor variations in the optimized individual reaction conditions, maintaining high efficiency and selectivity in all cases, which therefore, provides straightforward access to valuable fluorinated alkenes from commercially available terminal alkynes.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3381-3388
Number of pages8
Issue number21
StatePublished - Sep 26 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-2015-CCF-1974–03
Acknowledgements: The authors gratefully acknowledge the Royal Society (University Research Fellowship to C.S.J.C.), Syngenta (studentship to A.G.H.), King Saud University (S.P.N.) and the EPSRC (EP/K503162/1) for funding. We are also grateful to Umicore for the loan of Pd complexes and to the EPSRC National Mass Spectrometry Service Centre at Swansea University for HRMS analyses. This publication is based upon work supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award No. OSR-2015-CCF-1974–03.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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