Sensitivity of a red sea numerical wave model to spatial and temporal resolution of forcing wind field

Khalid M. Zubier, Sameer H. Gharbi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Simulating waves using numerical wave models provide essential wave information for navigational safety and coastal protection applications. Accuracy of such simulations depends mainly on the accuracy of the forcing wind fields, which are influenced by the wind fields’ spatial and temporal resolutions. In this study, the sensitivity of a SWAN-based Red Sea wave model to spatial and temporal resolutions of forcing wind fields was investigated. The sensitivity analysis showed that forcing the wave model with wind fields of low spatial and/or temporal resolutions will affect the quality of wave model outputs, not only in terms of integrated wave parameters, but also in terms of the overall wave energy distribution in both frequency and directional domains. This study suggests that the spatial resolution of the forcing wind filed plays more significant role than the temporal resolution on the quality of the wave model predictions.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)566-575
Number of pages10
JournalIndian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-06-10
Acknowledgements: The authors are thankful to King Abdullah University for Science and Technology (KAUST) and for National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) for making available the data collected by Met/Ocean buoy (NDBC: 23020). Thanks are also due to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for making available Global Forecasting System (GFS) predicted wind filed, to General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO) for making available the bathymetric data and to Technical University of Delft for providing the ENVISAT wind and wave observations.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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