Semi-transparent fullerene-based tandem solar cells with excellent light utilization efficiency enabled by careful selection of sub-cells

Erdin Almuqoddas, Marios Neophytou, Eri Widianto, Natalita Maulani Nursam, Shobih, Lia Muliani Pranoto, Yuliar Firdaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Semi-transparent (ST) tandem organic solar cells (OSCs) are typically exhibiting a trade-off between efficiency and average visible transmittance (AVT), which can be minimized by the appropriate selection of transparent contacts and absorbing materials in the sub-cells. Herein, we demonstrate efficient and highly transparent hetero-tandem OSCs constructed by stacking PBDT[2F]T:PC71BM and PCE10:PC61BM active layers as front-cell and back-cell, respectively. Optical and electrical simulations show that the PBDT[2F]T and PCE10-based sub-cells possess potential as ST and reflective tandem OSCs. With the aid of the simulations, we could fabricate reflective tandem OSCs with an efficiency of up to 8.3%. Furthermore, a ST tandem OSC, employing conductive silver nanowire top contact, achieved an AVT of 49.2%, efficiency of 5.3%, and high light utilization efficiency (LUE) of 2.61% under 1 sun, AM1.5G spectral illumination. This study demonstrates the importance of the sub-cells choices for developing ST tandem solar cells with a good balance of AVT and PCE, paving the way for solar windows of high performance.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106633
JournalOrganic Electronics
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-09-12
Acknowledgements: The authors express gratitude to the Research Center for Electronics, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN – Indonesia), for their supporting facilities. This work supported by Electric Vehicle Program from National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN, no: 2/III/HK/2022). The research was supported by Baseline Research Funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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