Self-propagating reactive fronts in compacts of multilayered particles

Ihab Sraj, Manav Vohra, Leen Alawieh, Timothy P. Weihs, Omar M. Knio*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Reactive multilayered foils in the form of thin films have gained interest in various applications such as joining, welding, and ignition. Typically, thin film multilayers support self-propagating reaction fronts with speeds ranging from 1 to 20 m/s. In some applications, however, reaction fronts with much smaller velocities are required. This recently motivated Fritz et al. (2011) to fabricate compacts of regular sized/shaped multilayered particles and demonstrate self-sustained reaction fronts having much smaller velocities than thin films with similar layering. In this work, we develop a simplified numerical model to simulate the self-propagation of reactive fronts in an idealized compact, comprising identical Ni/Al multilayered particles in thermal contact. The evolution of the reaction in the compact is simulated using a two-dimensional transient model, based on a reduced description of mixing, heat release, and thermal transport. Computed results reveal that an advancing reaction front can be substantially delayed as it crosses from one particle to a neighboring particle, which results in a reduced mean propagation velocity. A quantitative analysis is thus conducted on the dependence of these phenomena on the contact area between the particles, the thermal contact resistance, and the arrangement of the multilayered particles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number198096
JournalJournal of Nanomaterials
StatePublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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