Sedimentology and mechanism of a lacustrine syn-rift fan delta system: A case study of the Paleogene Gaobei Slope Belt, Bohai Bay Basin, China

Jingzhe Li*, Jinliang Zhang, Shuyu Sun, Ke Zhang, Dongxing Du, Zhongqiang Sun, Yuanyuan Wang, Longlong Liu, Guangqun Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Fan delta systems have long been studied as a kind of good hydrocarbon reservoirs. Although many models have been raised according to their local conditions, there still exists some controversies regarding the formations of the ones developed in continental syn-rift settings. Taking Paleogene Es3 2+3 of Gaobei Slope Belt as an example, this paper conducted a comprehensive geological study and a forward depositional modeling. The results show that the sediment within the study area came mainly from the northeastern Baigezhuang uplift and the northwestern Xinanzhuang uplift over a short distance. The sedimentary system is characterized by subaerial debris flow, subaerial braided channels, subaqueous distributary channels, front sand bars and front sand sheets. Furthermore, the study area is a balance-filled basin that experienced a 3rd order normal regression followed by a transgression during the development of the study interval. The results also show that, a stable subsidence rate with small-magnitude climate changes would be a plausible explain for the entire sequence of the fan delta system in the study area. The tectonic subsidence was indeed the dominant driving force to a continental syn-rift fan delta system, although the climate, sediment supply or lake level might bring some lower order (e.g., 4th and 5th order) superimpositions. This paper proposed a likely model for fan deltas developed in continental syn-rift settings, which is expected to gain some insights into the forming mechanism and provide some supports for the reservoir characterization of similar and correlative sedimentary systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-490
Number of pages14
JournalMarine and Petroleum Geology
StatePublished - Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd


  • Autoretreat
  • Depositional model
  • Fan delta
  • Gaobei slope belt
  • Syn-rift settings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economic Geology
  • Geology
  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Stratigraphy


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