Security-Reliability Trade-Off Analysis for Multiuser SIMO Mixed RF/FSO Relay Networks With Opportunistic User Scheduling

Ahmed H. Abd El-Malek, Anas M. Salhab, Salam A. Zummo, Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations


In this paper, we study the performance of multiuser single-input multiple-output mixed radio frequency (RF)/free space optical (FSO) relay network with opportunistic user scheduling. The considered system includes multiple users, one amplify-and-forward relay, one destination, and a multiple-antenna eavesdropper. The users are connected with the relay node through RF links and the relay is connected with the destination through an FSO link. Both maximum ratio combining and selection combining schemes are used at the multiple-antenna relay to combine the signal received from the best user on different antennas. The RF/FSO channels models are assumed to follow Nakagami-m/gamma-gamma fading models with pointing errors. Closed-form expressions are derived for the outage probability, average symbol error probability, and ergodic channel capacity. Then, the power of the selected best user is determined to minimize the system asymptotic outage probability under the dominant RF or FSO link. Then, the considered system secrecy performance is investigated, where the closed-form expressions for the intercept probability are derived. Finally, we propose a new cooperative jamming model in which the worst user is selected by the authorized system to jam the existing eavesdropper. Monte-Carlo simulations are provided to validate the achieved exact and asymptotic results.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5904-5918
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 24 2016

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This work was funded by the National Plan for Science, Technology and Innovation (Maarifah) - King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology - through the Science and Technology Unit at King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM) - the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, under grant number 15-ELE4157-04. The authors would like also to acknowledge the KFUPM-KAUST research initiative resulted from this research work.


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