Secrecy Outage Analysis of Mixed RF-FSO Systems With Channel Imperfection

Hongjiang Lei, Haolun Luo, Kihong Park, Zhi Ren, Gaofeng pan, Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


We analyze the secrecy outage performance of a mixed radio frequency-free space optical (RF-FSO) transmission system with imperfect channel state information (CSI). We deal with a single input multiple output (SIMO) wiretap model, where a base station (works as the relay) forwards the signal transmitted from a user (source) to a data center (works as the destination), while an eavesdropper wiretaps the confidential information by decoding the received signal. Both the relay and the eavesdropper are armed with multiple antennas and maximal ratio combining scheme is utilized to improve the received signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). The effects of imperfect CSI of the RF link and the FSO link, misalignment, detection schemes, and relaying schemes on the secrecy outage performance of mixed RF-FSO systems are studied. Firstly, the cumulative distribution function and probability density function of FSO links with pointing error and two different detection technologies are derived. Then we derive the closed-form expressions for the lower bound of the secrecy outage probability (SOP) with fixed-gain relaying and variable-gain relaying schemes. Furthermore, asymptotic results for SOP are investigated by exploiting the unfolding of Meijer's G-function when the electrical SNR of FSO link approaches infinity. Finally, Monte-Carlo simulation results are presented to corroborate the correctness of the analysis.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Photonics Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 15 2018

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-02-19
Acknowledgements: National Natural Science Foundation of China[61471076]


Dive into the research topics of 'Secrecy Outage Analysis of Mixed RF-FSO Systems With Channel Imperfection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this