Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFA0204800 and 2016YFA0202403), National Natural Science Foundation of China (61604092, 11772327, and 11621202), DNL Cooperation Fund CAS (DNL180311), National University Research Fund (GK201802005), the 111 Project (B14041), the National 1000 Talents Plan program (1110010341), and the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). CHESS is supported by the NSF award DMR-1332208. We also thank Dr. Liyang Yu and Dr. Ruipeng Li for the useful discussion with in situ analysis. Y.F. performed most of the experiments. K.Z. conceived the project. K.Z. and S.(F).L. supervised the work. Z.X. performed first-principles simulation. M.T. D.B. A.A. and D.-M.S. assisted with in situ GIWAXS measurements. Z.J. and E.Q.L. assisted with Marangoni number calculation. J.W. and S.J. assisted with TA measurements. H.Z. and Z.L. contributed to the pre-treatment of precursors. J.F. and X.C. assisted with the device fabrication. T.N. helped with the SEM analysis. All the authors contribute to the writing of the manuscript. The authors declare no competing interests.