Ruddlesden–Popper-Phase Hybrid Halide Perovskite/Small-Molecule Organic Blend Memory Transistors

Murali Gedda, Emre Yengel, Hendrik Faber, Fabian Paulus, Joshua A. Kreß, Ming-Chun Tang, Siyuan Zhang, Christina A. Hacker, Prashant Kumar, Dipti R. Naphade, Yana Vaynzof, George Volonakis, Feliciano Giustino, Thomas D. Anthopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Controlling the morphology of metal halide perovskite layers during processing is critical for the manufacturing of optoelectronics. Here, a strategy to control the microstructure of solution-processed layered Ruddlesden-Popper-phase perovskite films based on phenethylammonium lead bromide ((PEA)2 PbBr4 ) is reported. The method relies on the addition of the organic semiconductor 2,7-dioctyl[1]benzothieno[3,2-b]benzothiophene (C8 -BTBT) into the perovskite formulation, where it facilitates the formation of large, near-single-crystalline-quality platelet-like (PEA)2 PbBr4 domains overlaid by a ≈5-nm-thin C8 -BTBT layer. Transistors with (PEA)2 PbBr4 /C8 -BTBT channels exhibit an unexpectedly large hysteresis window between forward and return bias sweeps. Material and device analysis combined with theoretical calculations suggest that the C8 -BTBT-rich phase acts as the hole-transporting channel, while the quantum wells in (PEA)2 PbBr4 act as the charge storage element where carriers from the channel are injected, stored, or extracted via tunneling. When tested as a non-volatile memory, the devices exhibit a record memory window (>180 V), a high erase/write channel current ratio (104 ), good data retention, and high endurance (>104 cycles). The results here highlight a new memory device concept for application in large-area electronics, while the growth technique can potentially be exploited for the development of other optoelectronic devices including solar cells, photodetectors, and light-emitting diodes.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2003137
JournalAdvanced Materials
StatePublished - Dec 31 2020

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-01-05
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-CRG2018-3783
Acknowledgements: This publication is based upon work supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award No: OSR-CRG2018-3783. The authors thank J. Zaumseil for access to the 2D-XRD facilities. This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (ERC Grant Agreement no. 714067, ENERGYMAPS). G.V. acknowledges funding from the “Chaire de Recherche Rennes Metropole” project.


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