Role of transport properties in the transient response of premixed methane/air flames

Habib N. Najm, Omar M. Knio, Phillip H. Paul

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We compute the detailed interaction of a premixed methane/air flame with a two-dimensional counterrotating vortex pair using mixture-averaged transport properties for stoichiometric and rich N2-diluted reactants. We present comparisons of the observed flame structure and transient flame response with results using temperature-tabulated properties, where dependence on mixture composition is neglected. We find that the significance of using the more accurate transport model depends on the particular aspect of transient flame response under consideration. While the effect on global flame response is generally small, we do observe quantitative differences of as much as 30%-45% in the extent of transient accumulation of some species on the reactants side of the flame. On the other hand, no significant qualitative differences are observed in the transient flame response. We examine and discuss these observations with regard to available experimental data in a premixed methane/air V-flame under the same mixture conditions as the computations and with similar flow-flame evolution.We find that the earlier-reported disagreements between computed and experimentally observed transient OH and CH responses are not much improved with the use of the more accurate mixture-averaged transport. This suggests that the root of the disagreement is not the transport model but the chemical mechanism and/or rate constants therein. Further work is needed to identify necessary improvements in the mechanism to achieve better agreement with the experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1713-1720
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes
Event30th International Symposium on Combustion - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Jul 25 2004Jul 30 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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