Role of hydrogen in modifying a-Si:H/c-Si interface passivation and band alignment for rear-emitter silicon heterojunction solar cells

Zhuopeng Wu, Liping Zhang, Wenzhu Liu, Renfang Chen, Zhenfei Li, Fanying Meng, Zhengxin Liu

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Boosting the contact property of intrinsic hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H(i)) film is pivotal to achieving high-efficiency silicon heterojunction (SHJ) solar cells. Here, the microstructure of a-Si:H(i) film is modified with hydrogen dilution ratio using hot wire chemical vapor deposition (HWCVD) for the application into rear-emitter SHJ solar cells. A higher hydrogen content associated with high valence band offset was found to decrease the fill factor FF for low dilution, while high interface defect densities related to epitaxial growth are responsible for the deterioration of both FF and open-circuit voltage VOC for high dilution. In particular, the most compact film prepared at a moderate dilution exhibits the most compact structure with most hydrogen located as isolated hydrogen rather than clustered hydrogen. Finally, high efficiency of SHJ solar cells up to 22.5% was yielded using the optimized a-Si:H(i) layer thanks to a significant enhancement of FF, which is attributed to improved passivation quality and rational band alignment at the a-Si:H(i)/c-Si interface. This work clearly interpreted the correlation between SHJ device parameters and a-Si:H(i)/c-Si interface properties, which might guide the design of a-Si:H passivation layers in pursuit of high-efficiency SHJ solar cells.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
StatePublished - May 5 2020

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