The present chapter provides a brief review of the main impacts on coastal marine ecosystems resulting from fisheries and aquaculture activities. It covers a wide range of topics, including habitat degradation, fragmentation, and loss; changes in biodiversity, food webs, and trophic interactions; loss of genetic diversity; and spread of parasites and diseases. A number of worldwide case studies on mitigation measures are presented, providing examples of best practices aiming to reduce impacts on coastal marine environments. Several restoration initiatives are also described based on selected case studies. Finally, the importance of restoration methods, as ecohydrology, based on a holistic approach to manage ecosystems and revert degradation, is highlighted.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Ecohydrology and Restoration|
|Number of pages||23|
|State||Published - Mar 6 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)