Remarkable Isomer Effect on the Performance of Fully Non-Fused Non-Fullerene Acceptors in Near-Infrared Organic Photodetectors

Xiantao Hu, Zhuoran Qiao, Davide Nodari, Qiao He, Jesika Asatryan, Martina Rimmele, Zhili Chen, Jaime Martín, Nicola Gasparini*, Martin Heeney*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Two fully non-fused small-molecule acceptors BTIC-1 and BTIC-2 are reported for application in near-infrared organic photodetectors (NIR OPDs). Both acceptors contain the same conjugated backbone but differing sidechain regiochemistry, affording significant differences in their optical properties. The head-to-head arrangement of BTIC-2 results in a reduction of optical band gap of 0.17 eV compared to BTIC-1, which contains a head-to-tail arrangement, with absorption spanning the visible and near-IR regions up to 900 nm. These differences are rationalized on the basis of non-covalent intramolecular interactions facilitating a more co-planar conformation for BTIC-2. OPDs based on PM6:BTIC-2 deliver a low dark current density of 2.4 × 10−7 A cm−2, leading to a superior specific detectivity of 1.7 × 1011 Jones at 828 nm at -2 V. The optimized device exhibits an ultrafast photo response of 2.6 µs and a high -3 dB cut-off frequency of 130 kHz. This work demonstrates that fully non-fused small-molecule acceptors offer competitive device performance for NIR OPDs compared to fused-ring electron acceptors, but with reduced synthetic complexity. Furthermore, the study presents an efficient strategy to enhance device performance by varying conformational locks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2302210
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Issue number6
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Advanced Optical Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • acceptor
  • fully non-fused
  • intramolecular conformational interaction
  • near-infrared
  • organic photodetectors
  • small molecule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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