The relative humidity (RH) history that manifests the cycling of dehydration (water evaporation) and hydration (water uptake) may affect particle-phase reactions, products from which have strong influences on the physical properties and thus climatic effects of atmospheric particles. Using single-trapped particles, we show herein hygroscopic growths of mixed particles with reactive species undergoing three types of RH cycles, simulating different degrees of particle-phase reactions in the atmosphere. The reactive species are the widely known α-dicarbonyl glyoxal (GLY), and five reduced nitrogenous species, ammonium sulfate (AS), glycine (GC), l-alanine (AL), dimethylamine (DMA), and diethylamine (DEA). The results showed that the mixed particles after reactions generally had altered efflorescence relative humidity (ERH) and deliquescence relative humidity (DRH) values and reduced hygroscopic growths at moderately high RH (>80%) conditions. For example, with an additional slow drying step, the mean mass growth factors at 90% RH during dehydration dropped from 2.56 to 2.02 for GC/GLY mixed particles and from 2.45 to 1.23 for AL/GLY mixed particles. The reduced hygroscopicity with more RH cycling will thus lead to less efficient light scattering of the mixed particles, thereby resulting in less cooling and exacerbating direct heating due to light absorption by the products formed.
Bibliographical noteGenerated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-07-06
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry