A regional sequence stratigraphic model is proposed for the Oligo-Miocene Asmari and Pabdeh Formations in the Dezful Embayment of SW Iran. The model is based on both new detailed sedimentological observations in outcrops, core and well logs, and an improved high-resolution chronostratigraphic framework constrained by Sr isotope stratigraphy and biostratigraphy. A better understanding of the stratigraphic architecture distinguishes four, geographically separated types of Asmari reservoirs. Three Oligocene sequences (of Rupelian, early Chattian and late Chattian age) and three Miocene sequences (of early Aquitanian, late Aquitanian and early Burdigalian age) have been distinguished, representing a period of 15.4 Ma. The stratigraphic architecture of these sequences is primarily controlled by glacio-eustatic sea-level fluctuations, which determined the distribution of carbonates, sandstones and anhydrites in this sedimentary system. Tectonic control became important in the Burdigalian with a regional tilt down towards the NE. The lithological heterogeneity, the complex geometries, and both early and late diagenetic alterations are the basis for a classification of four main stratigraphic reference types for the Asmari Reservoirs: Type 1, sandstone dominated; Type 2, mixed carbonate-siliciclastic; Type 3, mixed carbonate-anhydrite; and Type 4, carbonate dominated. The sequence stratigraphic model predicts how and when these types change laterally from one to another. © The Geological Society of London 2010.
Bibliographical noteGenerated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2022-09-15
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Water Science and Technology
- Ocean Engineering