Reed Rhizome Residue-Based Activated Carbon Adsorption Ultrafiltration Membranes for Enhanced MB Removal

Zhen Li, Xiongwei Luo, Yonghong Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Novel adsorption ultrafiltration (ADUF) membrane was designed for the removal of methylene blue (MB) by introducing Chinese herbal waste-based activated carbon (AC) into the ultrafiltration membrane. We prepared AC particles from Chinese herbal medicine waste residue (reed rhizome residue) as a raw material by ZnCl2activation and introduced them into the ultrafiltration membrane by phase inversion to prepare a reed rhizome residue-based activated carbon adsorption ultrafiltration (RAC-ADUF) membrane. The RAC-ADUF-0.1 membrane was characterized by a series of physical structures and chemical properties, which showed that the prepared membrane has a more hydrophilic surface and high porosity. The RAC-ADUF-0.1 membrane showed an excellent pure water flux of 255.77 L·m-2·h-1and a high bovine serum albumin rejection of 99.3%. The RAC-ADUF membranes also possessed excellent antifouling performance. Notably, the RAC-ADUF-0.1 membrane provides excellent removal of MB (99% retention) compared to conventional ultrafiltration membranes. The static adsorption capacity was up to 238.48 mg/g. The significant increase in dynamic adsorption capacity on the RAC-ADUF membrane is due to the three-dimensional distribution of RAC particles on the PSF membrane cross section, which provides more active sites and increases the contact time between RAC and MB. By fitting the adsorption kinetics and isothermal adsorption curves, the results showed that the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the Langmuir isothermal model were more accurate in explaining the adsorption process. Further kinetic analysis showed that the adsorption process of MB molecules on RAC-ADUF membranes is controlled by both external mass transfer and intraparticle diffusion, with intraparticle diffusion playing a dominant role. In addition, the RAC-ADUF membrane exhibited outstanding adsorption and regeneration abilities, and the MB removal rate stayed at about 95% after 8 adsorption regeneration experiments. In conclusion, this study provides a new idea for the preparation strategy of an adsorption ultrafiltration membrane with high rejection and high permeability and the reuse of Chinese herbal medicine waste residue.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43829-43838
Number of pages10
JournalACS OMEGA
Volume7
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 6 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-20

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