Redox-Active Polymers Designed for the Circular Economy of Energy Storage Devices

Siew Ting Melissa Tan, Tyler J. Quill, Maximilian Moser, Garrett LeCroy, Xingxing Chen, Yilei Wu, Christopher J. Takacs, Alberto Salleo, Alexander Giovannitti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Electrochemical energy storage is a keystone to support the rapid transition to a low-carbon-emission future for grid storage and transportation. While research on electrochemical energy storage devices has mostly dealt with performance improvements (energy density and power density), little attention has been paid to designing devices that can be recycled with low cost and low environmental impact. Thus, next-generation energy storage devices should also address the integration of recyclability into the device design. Here, we demonstrate recyclable energy storage devices based on solution-processable redox-active conjugated polymers. The high electronic and ionic charge transport in these polymers enables the operation of single-phase electrodes in aqueous electrolytes with C-rates >100 with good electrochemical stability when the cell is charged to 1.2 V. Finally, we demonstrate the recyclability of these devices, achieving >85% capacity retention in each recycling step. Our work provides a framework for developing recyclable devices for sustainable energy storage technologies.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3450-3457
Number of pages8
JournalACS Energy Letters
StatePublished - Sep 8 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-09-10
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-2018-CRG/CCF-3079, OSR-2018-CRG7-3749, OSR-2019-CRG8-4086
Acknowledgements: A.G. and A.S. acknowledge funding from the TomKat Center for Sustainable Energy at Stanford University and the StorageX initiative. A.S. and S.T.M.T. gratefully acknowledge support from the National Science Foundation Award CBET #1804915. T.J.Q. and G.L. acknowledge support from the NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program under grant DGE-1656518. Part of this work was performed at the Stanford Nanofabrication Facilities (SNF) and Stanford Nano Shared Facilities (SNSF), supported by the National Science Foundation as part of the National Nanotechnology Coordinated Infrastructure under award ECCS-1542152. The authors acknowledge financial support from KAUST, including the Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) award nos. OSR-2018-CRG/CCF-3079, OSR-2019-CRG8-4086, and OSR-2018-CRG7-3749. The authors acknowledge funding from an ERC Synergy Grant SC2 (610115). Use of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515.


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