Rechargeable anion-shuttle batteries for low-cost energy storage

Qi Liu, Yizhou Wang, Xu Yang, Dong Zhou*, Xianshu Wang, Pauline Jaumaux, Feiyu Kang, Baohua Li*, Xiulei Ji*, Guoxiu Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


As promising alternatives to lithium-ion batteries, rechargeable anion-shuttle batteries (ASBs) with anions as charge carriers stand out because of their low cost, long cyclic lifetime, and/or high energy density. In this review, we provide for the first time, comprehensive insights into the anion shuttling mechanisms of ASBs, including anion-based rocking-chair batteries (ARBs), dual-ion batteries (DIBs), including insertion-type, conversion-type, and conversion-insertion-type, and reverse dual-ion batteries (RDIBs). Thereafter, we review the latest progresses and challenges regarding electrode materials and electrolytes for ASBs. In addition, we summarize the existing dilemmas of ASBs and outline the perspective of ASB technology for future grid storage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1993-2021
Number of pages29
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 12 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
B.L. would like to acknowledge the support by National Nature Science Foundation of China ( 51872157 and 52072208 ), Shenzhen Technical Plan Project ( JCYJ20170412170911187 and JCYJ20170817161753629 ), Special Fund Project for Strategic Emerging Industry Development of Shenzhen ( 20170428145209110 ), Guangdong Technical Plan Project ( 2017B090907005 ), and Local Innovative and Research Teams Project of Guangdong Pearl River Talents Program ( 2017BT01N111 ). Devices Testing Center in Tsinghua Shenzhen International Graduate School was also gratefully acknowledged. G.W. would like to acknowledge the support by the Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery projects ( DP170100436 , DP180102297 , and DP200101249 ). X.J. is grateful for the financial support from U.S. National Science Foundation awards DMR-2004636 and CBET-1551693 .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc.


  • anion-shuttle batteries
  • dual-ion batteries
  • grid energy storages
  • reverse dual-ion batteries
  • rocking-chair batteries
  • SDG7: Affordable and clean energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Materials Chemistry


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