Recent Advances on Transition Metal Dichalcogenides for Electrochemical Energy Conversion

Xin Wu, Huabin Zhang, Jian Zhang, Xiong Wen (David) Lou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

136 Scopus citations


Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) hold great promise for electrochemical energy conversion technologies in view of their unique structural features associated with the layered structure and ultrathin thickness. Because the inert basal plane accounts for the majority of a TMDC's bulk, activation of the basal plane sites is necessary to fully exploit the intrinsic potential of TMDCs. Here, recent advances on TMDCs-based hybrids/composites with greatly enhanced electrochemical activity are reviewed. After a summary of the synthesis of TMDCs with different sizes and morphologies, comprehensive in-plane activation strategies are described in detail, mainly including in-plane-modification-induced phase transformation, surface-layer modulation, and interlayer modification/coupling. Simultaneously, the underlying mechanisms for improved electrochemical activities are highlighted. Finally, the strategic evaluation on further research directions of TMDCs in-plane activation is featured. This work would shed some light on future design trends of TMDCs-based functional materials for electrochemical energy-related applications.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2008376
JournalAdvanced Materials
StatePublished - Aug 18 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-08-20
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by NSFC (21773242, 21935010), the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB20000000), National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFA0208600), and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. X.W.L. acknowledges the funding support from the Ministry of Education of Singapore through the Academic Research Fund (AcRF) Tier-2 grant (MOE2019-T2-2-049).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanical Engineering


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