Real-Time Tracking of Hot Carrier Injection at the Interface of FAPbBr3 Perovskite Using Femtosecond Mid-IR Spectroscopy

Issatay Nadinov, Khulud Almasabi, Luis Gutiérrez-Arzaluz, Simil Thomas, Bashir E. Hasanov, Osman M. Bakr, Husam N. Alshareef, Omar F. Mohammed*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


One of the most effective approaches to optimizing the performance of perovskite solar cells is to fully understand the ultrafast carrier dynamics at the interfaces between absorber and transporting layers at both the molecular and atomic levels. Here, the injection dynamics of hot and relaxed charge carriers at the interface between the hybrid perovskite, formamidinium lead bromide (FAPbBr3), and the organic electron acceptor, IEICO-4F, are investigated and deciphered by using femtosecond (fs) mid-infrared (IR), transient absorption (TA), and fluorescence spectroscopies. The visible femtosecond-TA measurements reveal the generation of hot carriers and their transition to free carriers in the pure FAPbBr3 film. Meanwhile, the efficient extraction of hot carriers in the mixed FAPbBr3/IEICO-4F film is clearly evidenced by the complete disappearance of their spectral signature. More specifically, the time-resolved results reveal that hot carriers are injected from FAPbBr3 to IEICO-4F within 150 fs, while the transfer time for the relaxed carriers is about 205 fs. The time-resolved mid-IR experiments also demonstrate the ultrafast formation of two peaks at 2115 and 2233 cm-1, which can be attributed to the C≡N symmetrical and asymmetrical vibrational modes of anionic IEICO-4F, thus providing crystal clear evidence for the electron transfer process between the donor and acceptor units. Moreover, photoluminescence (PL) lifetime measurements reveal an approximately 10-fold decrease in the donor lifetime in the presence of IEICO-4F, thereby confirming the efficient electron injection from the perovskite to the acceptor unit. In addition, the efficient electron injection at the FAPbBr3/IEICO-4F interface and its impact on the C≡N bond character are experimentally evidenced and align with density functional theory (DFT) calculations. This work offers new insights into the electron injection process at the FAPbBr3/IEICO-4F interface, which is crucial for developing efficient optoelectronic devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-53
Number of pages11
JournalACS Central Science
Issue number1
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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