Rational design and synthesis of Ni x Co 3−x O 4 nanoparticles derived from multivariate MOF-74 for supercapacitors

Siru Chen, Ming Xue, Yanqiang Li, Ying Pan, Liangkui Zhu, Shilun Qiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

221 Scopus citations


© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015. Mixed transition metal oxides have attracted much attention recently due to their potential application in energy and environmental sciences. The emergence of multivariate MOFs recently has attracted great research attention and provides an opportunity for multivariate mixed-metal oxides. In this work, five isostructural, single-phase MOF-74 structures with different divalent metals (MOF-74-Co, MOF-74-Ni, MOF-74-NiCo1, MOF-74-NiCo2 and MOF-74-NiCo4) were synthesised by varying the mole ratios of Ni/Co mixed-metal ions. After annealing at the appropriate temperature, Co3O4, NiO and three kinds of NixCo3-xO4 mixed-metal oxide nanoparticles with high surface area were easily obtained and the metal ratio was readily controlled, enabling us to systematically investigate the effect of different metal species amounts on the electrochemical properties of the mixed-metal oxide materials. When these metal oxides were used as electrode materials for supercapacitors, we found that the mixed-metal oxides NixCo3-xO4 obtained from bimetallic MOF-74-NiCo structures had obvious advantages compared with the monometallic oxides of MOF-74-Ni and MOF-74-Co. In particular, the NixCo3-xO4-1 with the Ni/Co metal ratio 1:1 exhibited the highest capacitance of 797 F g-1 and excellent cycling stability.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20145-20152
Number of pages8
JournalJ. Mater. Chem. A
Issue number40
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): CRG-1-2012-LAI-009
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 21390394, 21261130584, 21101072), the National Basic Research Program of China (2012CB821700), the “111” project (B07016), the Award Project of KAUST (CRG-1-2012-LAI-009) and the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology Development Center Project (20120061130012).
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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