Rapid microwave assisted synthesis of graphene nanosheets/ polyethyleneimine/gold nanoparticle composite and its application to the selective electrochemical determination of dopamine

Vinoth Kumar Ponnusamy, Veerappan Mani, Shen Ming Chen, Wan Tran Huang, Jen Fon Jen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, a simple and fast microwave assisted chemical reduction method for the preparation of graphene nanosheet/polyethyleneimine/gold nanoparticle (GNS/PEI/AuNP) composite was developed. PEI, a cationic polymer, was used both as a non-covalent functionalizing agent for the graphene oxide nanosheets (GONSs) through electrostatic interactions in the aqueous medium and also as a stabilizing agent for the formation of AuNPs on PEI wrapped GNSs. This preparation method involves a simple mixing step followed by a simultaneous microwave assisted chemical reduction of the GONSs and gold ions. The prepared composite exhibits the dispersion of high density AuNPs which were densely decorated on the large surface area of the PEI wrapped GNS. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and thermo-gravimetric analysis, were used to characterize the properties of the resultant composite. The prepared GNS/PEI/AuNP composite film exhibited excellent electrocatalytical activity towards the selective determination of dopamine in the presence of ascorbic acid, which showed potential application in electrochemical sensors. The applicability of the presented sensor was also demonstrated for the determination of dopamine in human urine samples. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-157
Number of pages10
JournalTalanta
Volume120
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry

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