Rapid and label-free screening of SARS-CoV-2 virus in the infected human nasopharyngeal swab samples using UiO-66-modified SPR chip

Gilang Gumilar, Ni Luh Wulan Septiani, Shofarul Wustoni, Taufik Ramdani Tohari, Wahyu Widayat, Muhammad Yusuf, Hesti L. Wiraswati, Lia Faridah, Savira Ekawardhani, Isa Anshori, Brian Yuliarto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus has become a dangerous human pathogen and caused severe illness that can lead to death. Yet, the standard practical diagnostic tools for detecting the SARS-CoV-2 virus require multi-step assay, including extraction and labeling steps. Thus, a simple and accurate detection tool is incredibly desirable to support on-site screening, preventing its spread. In this work, we developed a portable surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor chip modified with metal–organic frameworks (MOF) UiO-66 that serves as an immobilization matrix of single-chain variable fragment (scFv) receptors. Large surface area and good adsorption of UiO-66/scFv-modified surface lead to an improvement of binding capacity towards the protein target of the SARS-CoV-2 receptor binding domain (RBD). We further successfully demonstrated the use of this portable SPR to detect the SARS-CoV-2 virus from patients' nasopharyngeal swab samples. Interestingly, the SPR sensors can directly distinguish the positive and negative patients within 15 minutes on 23 samples, simultaneously, without the need for labeling, and the results are in line with the gold standard PCR tests. In addition, the detection limit of the sensors is 10.085 × 105 virus/mL, which follows the standard of practical screening tools. Therefore, these UiO-66 modified SPR chip sensors offer a rapid, label-free, and low-cost detection of the SARS-CoV-2 virus that can be potentially developed for other infectious diseases.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
StatePublished - Jul 22 2023

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-08-31
Acknowledgements: This work is partially supported by the Indonesia Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology. B.Y. acknowledges financial support from Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia. BY and NLWS also acknowledge financial support from Collaborative Research Center grant provided by National Research and Innovation Agency of Republic of Indonesia.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering


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