Pulsed flow modulation of soot production in a laminar jet-diffusion flame

O. A. Ezekoye*, K. M. Martin, F. Bisetti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


An axisymmetric, co-flow, acetylene-air diffusion flame was driven by an acoustic source at frequencies ranging from 230 to 1000 Hz and powers of 0-10 W. Soot concentration was measured both locally within the flame and globally far downstream of the flame. The acoustic characteristics of the system are detailed in this manuscript. We show that the acoustic velocity at the fuel exit plane strongly affects the soot concentration within the flame and emitted by the flame. When the acoustic velocity magnitudes are much larger than the mean fuel velocity, the average soot number concentration measured far downstream of the flame was reduced by almost three orders of magnitude. A simple scaling analysis is performed to show that a partial premixing mechanism may be responsible for the observed changes to the soot properties of the flame. To test this hypothesis, sooting properties of partially premixed flames were characterized over a range of equivalence ratios in the same burner. While initial addition of air into the fuel stream slightly increased the amount of soot released, further addition of air suppressed soot production. Comparisons of the acoustically forced flames to partially premixed flames support the hypothesis that the acoustic field aids in partially premixing the flame.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1485-1492
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
Event30th International Symposium on Combustion - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Jul 25 2004Jul 30 2004

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2004 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Acetylene
  • Jet
  • Partial-premix
  • Pulsed
  • Soot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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