Proteome analysis of Acetobacter pasteurianus during acetic acid fermentation

Cristina Andres-Barrao, Maged M. Saad, Marie Louise Chappuis, Mauro Boffa, Xavier Perret, Ruben Ortega Pérez, François Barja*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


Acetic acid bacteria (AAB) are Gram-negative, strictly aerobic microorganisms that show a unique resistance to ethanol (EtOH) and acetic acid (AcH). Members of the Acetobacter and Gluconacetobacter genera are capable of transforming EtOH into AcH via the alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) enzymes and are used for the industrial production of vinegar. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain how AAB resist high concentrations of AcH, such as the assimilation of acetate through the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, the export of acetate by various transporters and modifications of the outer membrane. However, except for a few acetate-specific proteins, little is known about the global proteome responses to AcH. In this study, we used 2D-DIGE to compare the proteome of Acetobacter pasteurianus LMG 1262 T when growing in glucose or ethanol and in the presence of acetic acid. Interesting protein spots were selected using the ANOVA p-value of 0.05 as threshold and 1.5-fold as the minimal level of differential expression, and a total of 53 proteins were successfully identified. Additionally, the size of AAB was reduced by approximately 30% in length as a consequence of the acidity. A modification in the membrane polysaccharides was also revealed by PATAg specific staining.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1701-1717
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Proteomics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 16 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • 2D-DIGE
  • Acetic acid bacteria
  • Acetobacter pasteurianus
  • Morphology
  • Proteome
  • Submerged vinegar production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry


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