Propagation and extinction of premixed edge-flames

David B. Clayton, Min Suk Cha, Paul D. Ronney*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The propagation rates (U edge ) of edge-flames in premixed hydrocarbon-oxygen-inert mixtures were measured as a function of global strain rate (?), mixture strength, and (by changing fuel and inert type) Lewis number (Le). Using a counterflow slot-jet burner with electrical heaters at both ends to anchor the flame edges, both advancing (positive U edge ) and retreating (negative U edge ) edge-flames were characterized. Results are presented for both twin (premixed gas against premixed gas) and single (premixed gas against cold inert gas) edge-flames in terms of the effects of a non-dimensional strain rate (?) and non-dimensional heat loss (?) on a scaled propagation rate. U edge showed a strong dependence on Le and flames images show that high (low) Le lead to weaker (stronger) edge-flame burning intensity. U edge for single edge-flames scaled with the square root of the unburned to burned gas density ratio in a manner similar to nonpremixed flames whereas for premixed flames U edge scaled linearly with density ratio. Edge-flames exhibited two extinction limits corresponding to a high-? strain induced limit and a low-? heat loss induced limit; a simple description of the low-? limits was proposed and found to correlate well with experiments in twin-premixed, single-premixed, and nonpremixed edge-flames over more than a two-decade range of ?. Results are in good qualitative and reasonable quantitative agreement with simple theories except that retreating twin edge-flames in high-Le mixtures are predicted theoretically but were not observed experimentally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1823-1830
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the U. S. National Science Foundation under grant CBET-1236892 . MSC was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology.


  • Edge-flames
  • Extinction
  • Lewis number
  • Premixed flames

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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