Prontonic ceramic membrane fuel cells with layered GdBaCo2O5+x cathode prepared by gel-casting and suspension spray

Bin Lin, Shangquan Zhang, Linchao Zhang, Lei Bi, Hanping Ding, Xingqin Liu, Jianfeng Gao, Guangyao Meng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


In order to develop a simple and cost-effective route to fabricate protonic ceramic membrane fuel cells (PCMFCs) with layered GdBaCo2O5+x (GBCO) cathode, a dense BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y0.2O3-δ (BZCY7) electrolyte was fabricated on a porous anode by gel-casting and suspension spray. The porous NiO-BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y0.2O3-δ (NiO-BZCY7) anode was directly prepared from metal oxide (NiO, BaCO3, ZrO2, CeO2 and Y2O3) by a simple gel-casting process. A suspension of BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y0.2O3-δ powders synthesized by gel-casting was then employed to deposit BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y0.2O3-δ (BZCY7) thin layer by pressurized spray process on NiO-BZCY7 anode. The bi-layer with 10 μm dense BZCY7 electrolyte was obtained by co-sintering at 1400 °C for 5 h. With layered GBCO cathode synthesized by gel-casting on the bi-layer, single cells were assembled and tested with H2 as fuel and the static air as oxidant. An open-circuit potential of 0.98 V, a maximum power density of 266 mW cm-2, and a low polarization resistance of the electrodes of 0.16 Ω cm2 was achieved at 700 °C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)330-333
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of this research by National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 50572099.


  • BaZrCeYO
  • GdBaCoO
  • Gel-casting
  • Solid oxide fuel cells
  • Suspension spray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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