Procedural modeling of buildings

Pascal Müller*, Peter Wonka, Simon Haegler, Andreas Ulmer, Luc Van Gool

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

648 Scopus citations


CGA shape, a novel shape grammar for the procedural modeling of CG architecture, produces building shells with high visual quality and geometric detail. It produces extensive architectural models for computer games and movies, at low cost. Context sensitive shape rules allow the user to specify interactions between the entities of the hierarchical shape descriptions. Selected examples demonstrate solutions to previously unsolved modeling problems, especially to consistent mass modeling with volumetric shapes of arbitrary orientation. CGA shape is shown to efficiently generate massive urban models with unprecedented level of detail, with the virtual rebuilding of the archaeological site of Pompeii as a case in point.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)614-623
Number of pages10
JournalACM Transactions on Graphics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Architecture
  • Chomsky Grammars
  • Computer-Aided Design
  • L-systems
  • Procedural Modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


Dive into the research topics of 'Procedural modeling of buildings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this