Probing the Chemical Kinetics of Minimalist Functional Group Gasoline Surrogates

Bogdan Dragoş Ilieş, Muralikrishna Khandavilli, Yang Li, Goutham Kukkadapu, Scott W. Wagnon, Abdul Gani Abdul Jameel, Mani Sarathy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Surrogate mixtures are routinely used for understanding gasoline fuel combustion in engine simulations. The general trend in surrogate formulation has been to increase the number of fuel components in a mixture to better emulate real fuel properties. Recently, a new surrogate design strategy based on functional group analysis of real gasolines was proposed using a minimal number of species [minimalist functional group (MFG)—approach]. MFG surrogates (having just one or two components) could experimentally capture the ignition delay time (IDT), threshold sooting index, and smoke point of different gasoline fuels with hundreds of components. However, other combustion characteristics were not explored, and kinetic modeling of MFG surrogates was not reported. These aspects are addressed in this paper, where the combustion behavior of MFG surrogates for various gasolines was assessed by simulating IDT, jet-stirred reactor oxidation, and premixed laminar flame speeds using chemical kinetic modeling. MFG simulations were compared with experimental data of the real gasolines as well as with the more complex multicomponent (five to nine species) surrogates. This study reveals that binary MFG surrogate mixtures are capable of accurately simulating the combustion behavior of more complex gasoline fuels with hundreds of components.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEnergy & Fuels
StatePublished - Jan 31 2021

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KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-02-02


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