BACKGROUND: Since the occurrence of coronavirus disease in 2019 (COVID-19), the global community has witnessed its exponential spread with devastating outcomes within the general population and specifically within hemodialysis patients.
OBJECTIVES: Compare the state of immunity to SARS-CoV-2 among hemodialysis patients and staff.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with a prospective follow-up period.
SETTING: Hemodialysis centers in Madinah region.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively tested for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in dialysis patients using dialysis centers staff as controls. The participants were tested on four occasions when feasible for the presence of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies. We also analyzed factors that might be associated with seropositivity.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: SARS-CoV-2 positivity using immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels
SAMPLE SIZE: 830 participants, 677 patients and 153 dialysis centers staff as controls.
RESULTS: Of the total participants, 325 (257 patients and 68 staff) were positive for SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies, for a prevalence of 38.0% and 44.4% among patients and staff, respectively (P=.1379). Participants with a history of COVID-19 or related symptoms were more likely to have positive IgG (P