Preparation of polyacrylamide hydrophilic stationary phases with adjustable performance

Xiaoqing Wang, Jian Cui, Jin Zhou, Shuo Wang, Yiming Gu, Xiaowei Liu, Shu-Dong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Polymer modified silica materials are widely used as stationary phases in hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC), whereas a stationary phase with excellent performance is highly desired. In this study, vinyl modified silica was first synthesized through a silane coupling reaction, and then a polyacrylamide modified silica (PAM-SIL) stationary phase was successfully prepared using acrylamide as a copolymer monomer via free radical polymerization. The retention behaviors of polar analytes on the stationary phase under various chromatographic conditions, including acetonitrile content, buffer concentration and pH values were investigated, and a typical hydrophilic interaction retention mechanism was inferred. Exceptionally, the separation performance of the stationary phases could be regulated by controlling the polymer structure. Model analytes separated rapidly on the stationary phase which has an optimal grafting amount of vinyl, with the highest number of theoretical plates of orotic acid reaching 119,966/m. While the stationary phases with high acrylamide concentrations exhibited enhanced retention behavior and higher resolution for analytes. The adjustable separation performance will have huge potential in future separation and analysis applications.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)464065
JournalJournal of chromatography. A
StatePublished - May 22 2023

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-05-29
Acknowledgements: The authors thank the support from Division of Energy Environmental Engineering, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP), Chinese Academy of Sciences.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Analytical Chemistry


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