Prediction of solid-liquid-vapor phase equilibria of noble gases in nitrogen

Hani Ababneh, Shaheen A. Al-Muhtaseb*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The primary objective of this study is to develop an empirical correlation model that is able to predict the solid–liquid-vapour phase equilibria (SLVE) for the ternary system of N2-Kr-Xe at pressures ranging from 1 to 45 bar and temperatures ranging from 80 to 180 K. The model was based on Peng-Robinson equation of state. To optimize the interaction parameters that are needed in the model, it was first used to correlate the experimental SLVE data found in the literature for the N2-Kr, and N2-Xe and Kr-Xe binary systems. When the corresponding interaction parameters were optimized, the model was then expanded to predict the SLVE and construct the phase envelope of the ternary system of N2 -Kr-Xe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103866
JournalArabian Journal of Chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library. Not applicable. Although the scientific literature has extensively covered the thermodynamics of air components and air separation; there are little studies that cover the solid-fluid phase equilibria of nitrogen-noble gas mixture systems for their separation, despite their importance and presence in several industries. In this study, and for the first time, we attempt to model the solid-liquid-vapor equilibria (SLVE) of the ternary system Kr-Xe-N2 and its binary constituent systems (Kr-Xe, Xe-N2, and Kr-N2) using an empirical-correlation based model. Additionally, a three–phase solid-liquid-vapor (SLV) separation unit is developed to study and describe the SLVE phase envelope of the ternary system Kr-Xe-N2. Developing this model successfully will provide a useful tool to predict the SLV phase equilibrium behavior for the ternary system Kr-Xe-N2 and evaluate the performances of the corresponding three-phase SLV separation equipment without the need to conduct expensive and time-costly experiments. Furthermore, the model could be further developed and extended to different systems and gases mixtures.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s)


  • Cryogenic processes
  • Freezing prediction
  • Multiphase equilibria
  • Noble gases
  • Solid phase formation
  • Solid-liquid-vapour equilibrium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Prediction of solid-liquid-vapor phase equilibria of noble gases in nitrogen'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this