Precise 3-D GNSS Attitude Determination Based on Riemannian Manifold Optimization Algorithms

Ahmed Douik, Xing Liu, Tarig Ballal, Tareq Y. Al-Naffouri, Babak Hassibi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the past few years, Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) based attitude determination has been widely used thanks to its high accuracy, low cost, and real-time performance. This paper presents a novel 3-D GNSS attitude determination method based on Riemannian optimization techniques. The paper first exploits the antenna geometry and baseline lengths to reformulate the 3-D GNSS attitude determination problem as an optimization over a non-convex set. Since the solution set is a manifold, in this manuscript we formulate the problem as an optimization over a Riemannian manifold. The study of the geometry of the manifold allows the design of efficient first and second order Riemannian algorithms to solve the 3-D GNSS attitude determination problem. Despite the non-convexity of the problem, the proposed algorithms are guaranteed to globally converge to a critical point of the optimization problem. To assess the performance of the proposed framework, numerical simulations are provided for the most challenging attitude determination cases: the unaided, single-epoch, and single-frequency scenarios. Numerical results reveal that the proposed algorithms largely outperform state-of-the-art methods for various system configurations with lower complexity than generic non-convex solvers, e.g., interior point methods.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)284-299
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Volume68
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 13 2019

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01

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